Have you been looking for an easy, low-maintenance way to add some fun to your garden? Golden oyster mushrooms are a great choice! Growing your own golden oyster mushrooms at home is an easy and rewarding way to get involved in the world of urban gardening. Not only do you get the satisfaction of growing something yourself, but you also get to enjoy a delicious and nutritious crop of mushrooms with minimal effort or cost.
So, what are you waiting for, mushroom growers? Let’s start growing your own mushrooms!
How to Grow Golden Oyster Mushrooms at Home
What You Should Know about Golden Oyster Mushrooms
Golden oyster mushrooms or yellow oyster mushrooms (Pleurotus citrinopileatus) are one of the most popular types of mushrooms to grow at home because they are quick and easy to cultivate. Oyster mushrooms come in different colors, including pink oyster mushrooms and grey oyster mushrooms, and even blue oyster mushroom as well. Despite the colors, they all have a mild, sweet flavor that is great for soups, stir fries, and other dishes.
Golden oyster mushrooms have many health benefits; they are rich in antioxidants, vitamins and minerals, essential amino acids, and are a good source of dietary fiber. They also have antibacterial and antifungal properties which can help boost your immune systems and help your body fight off disease-causing bacteria and fungi. Fresh mushrooms are also low in calories and fat, making them a great dietary supplement to any healthy diet.
Golden oyster mushrooms need a humid environment to thrive, so they’re best grown indoors in an area with proper ventilation. That said, if you live in an area with warmer temperatures, you can also successfully grow them outdoors in a humidity tent.
What You Need To Get Started
The first step is finding the right growing medium. You can buy pre-made golden oyster mushroom kits that contain all the materials you need, or you can make your own kits using a substrate such as wheat straw, coffee grounds, or sawdust mixed with steam-pasteurized compost.
- Mushroom spawn – this is the ‘seed’ that you will use to cultivate your mushrooms. You can buy spawn from a local nursery or online.
- A container – this is where you will grow your mushrooms.
- A plastic tub, bucket, or other container works well; just make sure it has holes in the bottom for drainage.
Once you have your substrate ready, it’s time to inoculate it with mushroom spawn. Spawn is essentially a culture of mushroom mycelium — the part of the fungus that grows underground — that will eventually turn into mushrooms. You can purchase the best spawn online from reliable producers or make your own from a mushroom kit.
To inoculate your substrate, spread the spawn evenly throughout the surface and cover it with a layer of damp paper towels or burlap. Place your container in a warm, dark area and mist with water every day to keep the substrate moist.
Within 3-5 weeks, you should start to see little mushrooms popping up from the mushroom substrates.
Caring for Your Golden Oyster Mushrooms
If you opt for a mushrooms growing kit, once your kit is assembled, it’s time to start caring for your mushrooms. To ensure healthy growth, keep your mushrooms in a cool dark space with high humidity levels (typically between 80%-85%).
The right amount of water is essential—too much or too little can lead to moldy or dried out mushrooms. You should also make sure that your substrate has enough oxygen in it by misting it regularly with a spray bottle filled with clean water.
Finally, be sure to check on your mushrooms every day and remove any dead or dying ones so that they don’t contaminate the rest of your crop. You can easily spot healthy mushrooms by their firm and delicate caps and yellowish-brown gills underneath.
On the other hand, if you grow the mushrooms from scratch, you should continue to check on the substrate daily and mist it whenever necessary. Once you’ve inoculated your substrate with spawn, it should take about two weeks for the mycelium to colonize the material completely. When you see tiny mushrooms starting to emerge, make sure you give them plenty of light and fresh air. Mushrooms need both in order to grow properly.
After that, all that’s left to do is wait! Depending on the temperature and humidity levels in your home garden, it may take anywhere from one week to two months for the mushrooms to start popping up through the substrate.
To keep them happy during this time period, make sure they get plenty of indirect sunlight and stay moist but not soggy (simple daily misting will work great for this).
Harvesting and Enjoying Your Mushrooms
When your substrate begins producing little white “pins” (baby mushrooms), it means that harvest time is near! Harvesting takes place anywhere from 2-5 days to 1-2 weeks, depending on the variety and the environmental conditions, after the first pins appear and can be done easily by simply plucking those beautiful mushrooms off their substrate with a pair of sharp knife.
Gently twist each mushroom off its stem at ground level and put them in a paper bag or container that won’t retain moisture. If cared for properly, each patch of golden oyster mushrooms can be harvested multiple times over several weeks before needing replacement. And then all that’s left is enjoying their delicious flavor. Golden oyster mushrooms are incredibly versatile and can be enjoyed raw in salads or cooked up in soups and stir-fries for added flavor and nutrition!
Preserving Your Mushrooms
If you happen to have a high yield of mushrooms, you might be wondering what to do with them. Luckily there are plenty of ways to preserve and enjoy your mushrooms both in the short-term and long-term.
An easy way to preserve the mushrooms is to freeze them whole in plastic bag or container—that way, you can enjoy them all year round.
One other popular method is drying. Simply place your mushrooms on a baking sheet lined with parchment paper and put them in a food dehydrator or oven set to the lowest temperature. This will take several hours, but once your mushrooms are completely dry you can store them in airtight containers for up to six months.
You can even make your own mushroom powder by grinding dried mushrooms into a fine powder and storing it in an airtight container. This powder can then be used to add a unique flavor boost to soups, stews, sauces, and more.
You can also preserve your mushrooms by pickling or fermenting them. Pickled golden oyster mushrooms make a great addition to salads and sandwiches, while fermented ones can be added to soups and sauces.
If you’re more into cooking, there’s no shortage of recipes that call for golden oyster mushrooms. From soups and stews to stir-fries and even pizza toppings. No matter how you choose to preserve your mushrooms, the possibilities are endless. Just remember to store them in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight and they should last for months at a time.
Mushroom cultivation at home is a great way for gardening enthusiasts — particularly urban gardeners and mushroom lovers — who want an easy yet rewarding project in their home gardens. In fact, it is easier than ever before thanks to pre-packaged mushroom growing kits available online and at local gardening centers.
Plus, this fun project requires minimal effort while offering plenty of reward in terms of taste, nutrition, and satisfaction. So grab a grow kit today, follow these steps carefully, and soon enough you’ll be munching away on some homemade golden oyster mushrooms!